Essence and the Enneagram - Rediscovering Who We Really Are - Part I

Updated: Jul 18, 2021

A Letter to the Enneagram Community

Dear Friends and Colleagues in the Enneagram Community: This article, the first in a series of four, describes a simple yet elegant process of becoming aware of, allowing, accepting, and transforming anxiety which arises with shame associated with our deepest fears about ourselves. Entitled Essence and the Enneagram: Rediscovering Who We Truly Are, it describes the deepest fear from which our personality structures arise and a simple psychospiritual practice for transforming these.

The second article describes how to apply this Essence Process to Centers, our deepest way of experiencing the world, to Subtypes, our deepest instinctual drives and to emptiness and the existential anxiety of non-existence itself.

The third piece describes the Energetics of the Enneagram and how we can understand and transform our relationships. In it, I suggest that we lose our beloved/essential selves in very particular, automatic, and compulsive ways. These ways of losing ourselves can be described simply when we understand the loss of self can occur in three directions: forward and out in longing, back and in in fear and up and diffuse in overwhelm. These ways can operate on the level of our Subtypes, Centers and Points of View. Our very awareness of these can, by itself and in conjunction with the Essence Process, begin to lead to transformation.

The fourth piece describes a sevenfold path of our soul’s journey which can be mapped as the seven directions or the Star of David with its center point, suggesting seven variations of the Essence Process. Out of this map, we can extrapolate the entire Enneagram of Points of View, Centers and Subtypes, which allows us to nuance and more deeply understand our path.

I hope to have the opportunity to share each of these pieces with you, so you can choose, if you like, to use them as tools on your journey to wholeness.

With gratitude and love, Andy Hahn.

Essence and the Enneagram: Rediscovering Who We Really Are. Part I

Andrew H. Hahn, Psy.D. with Joan T. Beckett, M.B.A.

Falling Into Grace

by Andrew H. Hahn

What I want to know is

When you fall down

How do you respond?

Do you pretend

You have not fallen?

And if you do

Do you deny the grace

That is your place

When you fall?

Do you experience just how small

You really are?

Or deny the very essence of

That truth

And in that act

Deny yourself

And not tend to your garden?

What I want to know is

When you fall down

How do you respond?

Do you frown

Not knowing that you’ve grown?

Do you groan at the naked pain

And curse the Gods as a refrain?

Or do you refrain

From wallowing in the pain

Experiencing exquisite pain

A labor


To creative


In the fall of 1994, twenty people came to study the Enneagram with me. I asked each person to bring something that was important or sacred to them and we used this object, photograph, piece of writing, or story as a doorway to discover the mysteries of the soul of each Enneagram point. The sharing was very rich and deep. At the tenth and final session, I asked the group if they would like to continue.

One of the participants, not surprisingly a woman who was a three, said that while she had loved our ten sessions, she knew the Enneagram stories well enough and was inclined to stop. If, however, I could teach the group to use the Enneagram as a “spiritually transformative tool,” she would be happy to come back for another series of ten sessions. In a moment of naiveté and hubris, I said, “Fine, come back in two weeks and together we’ll learn to use the Enneagram as a spiritually transformative tool.”

At that point, I have to admit, I had no idea about how to do this…I did, however, remember a cryptic phrase my teachers had shared with me – “The way to Essence is through the Personality.” Unfortunately, however, I was never able to get a satisfactory answer as to what this meant. I had studied the Enneagram intensely for four years, as well as Depth Psychology, Consciousness, and the Mysteries, so I believed I would be able to figure something out.

It got to be the Sunday before the Tuesday our group was to meet, and though I had wracked my brain and studied, nothing had come to me. I thought about how well I could “think on my feet” although this didn’t seem like it would work in this instance. As I was lying on my couch in a semi-dreamlike state, I asked, “Source, please help me,” and I fell into a somewhat deeper state.

In this state, four ideas came to me that formed the basis of the Essence Process….

First, Essence, which is the one consciousness, demands the truth; if we could bring the fear we were most ashamed to admit about ourselves to awareness and then allow and accept it, we could allow anything—be everything.

Second, no particular truth could be the whole truth of who we are. It is just a truth, not the whole picture. We have given the fear we are most ashamed to admit about ourselves too much power; we believed we are that fear and spend our lives compulsively trying to compensate for it. A deeper truth might be that we have the fear, it is not who we truly are.

If we have this fear and are not the fear itself, then we could witness it. The witness could know that the fear is just one of an infinite number of perspectives in all of consciousness. The witness could externalize the fear using its own consciousness; that is, it could use its consciousness to bring the fear we are most ashamed to admit about ourselves outside the self enabling us to experience and imagine it there. It would then have as much charge as the shirt we were wearing.

So, if the first step is to become aware, allow and accept the truth we are most ashamed to admit about ourselves, the second is to say we have this fear and attendant shame, and it is not who we truly are. We could use our consciousness to externalize it so that it is merely a truth/perspective in a universe of truths/perspectives; it is not THE TRUTH.

Third, once we allow the fear we are most ashamed to admit about ourselves, we could then allow anything and everything, we could be anything and everything. Therefore, we could use our consciousness to expand forward and back, left and right, up and down and become the one—Unity Consciousness. Our deepest fear could become the doorway to our more essential Self. Thus, a deeper appreciation of the phrase, the “keys to the kingdom” lie within.

Fourth, from this expanded place, we could re-dialogue with our erstwhile shame/fear. We could treat this aspect of ourselves with acceptance, honor and respect. We could ask it “What is your greatest hope for me? What would you most like me to learn in this lifetime? Will you help me on the path?” We could find that the aspect of ourselves which we were most ashamed to admit could, in fact, be our greatest friend and guide.

So it is a very simple process that we teach - 1. Allow - Become aware, allow and accept the fear we are most ashamed to admit about ourselves; 2. Realize and Externalize - Realize that while we have this shame about the fear, it is not who we are. Use our consciousness to bring the fear outside ourselves, to externalize it. Realize it is Energy just like us and everything else in the universe; 3. Expand - Expand in all seven directions and be the one consciousness which, in fact, we already are; 4. Reintegrate - Reintegrate the Energy we called the fear we were most ashamed to admit about ourselves by treating it not as something which we hate, but as a guide to which we give gratitude, respect and love.

In the past ten years, the process has evolved as has its applications. The foundation, however, remains intact.

The Process

I. Allowance and Awareness

Become aware, allow and accept the fear we are most ashamed to admit about ourselves. Experience all of the beliefs, feelings and concomitant sensations that arise in conjunction with them.

  1. Beliefs - Our beliefs tend to focus on limitation and the painful consequences of that limitation. There may be several categories of beliefs:

a. The first is beliefs about ourselves. These are our “Core Fears.”

i. I am bad. I have done something so wrong.

ii. I am unworthy or existing unless I am taking care of you.

iii. I am failure; I create/do nothing.

iv. I am ordinary and in that ordinariness, I am defective; there is something fundamentally wrong with me.

v. I am insufficient (energetically and mentally).

vi. I am a nobody.

vii. I am unfulfillability.

viii. I am out of control, impotent.

ix. I am unlovability and chaos.

b. The second is beliefs about how we came into this unacceptable situation.

c. The third is beliefs about Source as either non-existent or cruel.

d. The fourth is our negative beliefs about Gaia, the Universe, life itself.

2. Feelings – When we allow the shame associated with our fears, four types of difficult feelings tend to arise. We feel anxiety when we allow that the fear about ourselves is the truth. We feel despair when we open to the possibility that our circumstances will never change. We feel anger at Source for putting us into the situation, and we feel frustration that we will never truly get to share our gifts because they are filtered through our shame. Being unable to share our gifts and make our contribution, we can never truly reconnect and belong.

3. Sensations - Each of our limiting beliefs and shocked feelings are associated with sensation. We experience this sensation as discomfort, pain, queasiness, numbness... When we fully allow these sensations, bring all of our awareness to them, and drop our consciousness into them, they will share with us even deeper beliefs and feeling states.

II. Compensations There are five ways in which we try not to experience the anxiety which accompanies the shame associated with our deepest fears about ourselves.

1. What We Tell Ourselves - The things we tell ourselves so that we don’t experience the anxiety associated with our fears have an automatic, compulsive, arrogant quality. Every Core Fear has an associated Counterbalancing Identity:

i. I am good

ii. I am worthy

iii. I am success.

iv. I am special.

v. I am (self) sufficient.

vi. I am a somebody.

vii. I am fulfilled.

viii. I am in control/potent.

ix. I am love.

We substitute a quality of being for being itself. Point One in their fixation would say, “I am good, therefore I am,” rather than, “I am, and one of my qualities is that I have goodness (as well as badness).”

Because we use this quality as a way not to experience the anxiety which accompanies the shame associated with a fear about ourselves, we never really get to experience the quality in its own right. For example, an Enneagram Point Three, to the degree they can experience failure and all that goes with it, they are able to experience success and all that goes with that.

From an Essence perspective, the Core Fear and the Counterbalancing Identity are a pair of opposites which, in conjunction, serve life. (See Ragini Michaels—Facticity). Let’s, for example, again consider Point Three from its own evolving perspective. Doing certainly has its benefits--perhaps creation, accomplishment, enlivening. Yet, it also can have its costs—perhaps burnout, a hardening of the heart. Being (non-doing) has its costs--perhaps nothing happens, laziness, boredom; yet it also can have its benefits— perhaps a deepening of the creative process, the softening and opening of the heart, the hope inherent in allowing who we are.

2. How We Use Others - When we are trying to bind the anxiety which accompanies our shame associated with our fear, we are not in an I-thou relationship with the other. We are in an I-it relationship. There are two ways we can do this. First, we can seduce others or let them seduce us so that we feel less anxious. We can get them to tell us we are good, worthy, successful, etc. Second, we can use them by association; we can partner with them to prove our goodness, worthiness, success, etc.